In afghanistan, pashtuns are considered highest in the social ring. Afghanistan and pakistan ethnic groups national geographic. In afghanistan, there are several ethnic and linguistic groups and also there are several islamic sects who live in this country and they are organized in a hierarchical structure. The war in afghanistan could be characterized as concerted efforts by ethnic communities to jockey for power in the postsoviet era. Desiethnicity tag pakistani bollywood movies, dream wedding, desi food arzan blogs duration. Conrad schetter, ethnicity and the political reconstruction of afghanistan, center for development studies zef university of bonn, germany, working paper 3, 2004.
History and conflict between ethnic groups in afghanistan. Afghanistan program for culture and conflict studies. It is generally seen that affluent people belong to tribes that are placed higher in the societal ranks like pashtuns, while hazaras, and the gypsies belong to the poorer section of the society. Their main territory, sometimes called pashtunistan, by whom. Situated between iran and pakistan, it is an area about the size of texas, larger than france. Among different changes the stratification of society into rich and power classes is a dominant one. Like a number of other afghan ethnic groups, the pushtun extend beyond afghanistan into pakistan where they constitute a major ethnic group of about 14 million. Afghanistan population 2020 demographics, maps, graphs.
List of books and articles about afghan history online. As to the left ill say briefly why this was the finish for me. Two afghan nationals discuss ethnic groups in afghanistan. An approximate distribution of the ethnic groups is shown in the chart below. There is a considerable rift between the rich people and the poor people. Book details, the state, religion, and ethnic politics. Afghanistan, landlocked multiethnic country located in the heart of southcentral asia. Pashtun, tajik, hazara, uzbek, aimaq, turkmen, baloch, pashayi, nuristani, gujjar, arab, brahui. In the late eighteenth century, kabul was established as afghanistans capital. Afghanistan is a multiethnic country the ethnic groups are such as. Available also through the library of congress web site as a raster image. Afghan ethnic tensions rise in media and politics the new.
We would like to add that the 2009 version of the books initially appeared on an unknown website banury. Afghanistan s ethnic diversity does not mean that the members of the different ethnic groups do not interact. The hazaras and the gypsies form lowest social classes in afghanistan. They claim to be descendants of alexander the great. A terrible period in afghanistans history was the result of the soviet unions military occupation. Afghanistans ethnic diversity does not mean that the members of the different ethnic groups do not interact. Afghanistan is a multiethnic society where over 40 minority languages are spoken and about 200 different dialects. Emadi, a consultant to focus humanitarian assistance and a monitor of the october 2004 elections in afghanistan, provides a brief history of the region but primarily addresses the religion, literature, arts, housing, social customs and family structures of contemporary afghanistan. The major ethnic groups are pashtuns, tajik s, hazaras, and uzbeks greens. Only about 31% of the adult population over 15 years of age can read, and female literacy levels are on average only 17%. The social and political changes in afghanistan, in the posttaliban scenario, have been able to cast diverse effects on afghan society. Ethnic groups in afghanistan simple english wikipedia, the.
In afghanistan, a growing uproar over ethnicity pashtun, tajik, hazara and uzbek has many concerned about possible violence, especially those who remember the countrys civil war. Pages in category ethnic groups in afghanistan the following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total. Pathan today usually seen as pashtun or paktun, puktun, or pushtun, yusufzai, afridi, khattak, dadicae, ghilji also seen today as ghilzi and khilji, tajik, and hazarah hazara in modern times. Lying along important trade routes connecting southern and eastern asia to europe and the middle east, afghanistan has long been a prize sought by empire builders. We are providing a mirrored copy of some pashto text books for levels 112.
Afghanistan has been at the heart of warring factions and shifting values for years, but through it all, a sense of independence and esteem for custom in. Afghanistan is a multi ethnic country the ethnic groups are such as. As stated in the description, all ethnic groups of afghanistan with the exclusion of a few very minor groups with no photographs or much information available. The most known ethnic groups for foreigners and people living in afghanistan are the pashtuns, tajik s, hazara s, uzbek s, aimak s, turkmen s, and baloch s. In this falsecolor satellite image vegetation appears fluorescent green, urban areas range in. The socioeconomic status in afghanistan is highly correlated with ethnicity. There is a substantial amount of intermarriage between the ethnic groups. Ethnic groups in afghanistan ethnic group 20042014 estimate pashtun 42% tajik 27% of this 1% are qizilbash hazara 8% uzbek 9% aimaq 4% turkmen 3% baloch 2% others pashayi, nuristani, arab, brahui, pamiri, gurjar, etc. Afghanistan is a warzone, filled with treachery and hatred spewing from different ethnic groups. Hamilton, former congressman and cochair of the 911 commission the wars of afghanistan is a richly detailed account that places current u. As you would expect, there is a diverse range of ethnic groups within the country.
The pashtuns, representing approximately 42 percent of the population, are the largest ethnic group in afghanistan. The book represents nearly four years of work and the input of many devoted individuals. The history of afghanistan is a history of war and conflict even up to present day. Afghanistan is bordered by iran on the west, by pakistan on the east and south, and by turkmenistan, uzbekistan, and tajikistan on the north. The border was established in 1893 via an agreement between abdur rahman khan, the emir or ruler of afghanistan, and sir mortimer durand, foreign secretary of the british raj. Pages in category ethnic groups in afghanistan the following 53 pages are in this category, out of 53 total. Here is american society, attacked under open skies in broad daylight by the most reactionary and vicious force in the contemporary world, a force which treats afghans and algerians and egyptians far worse than it has yet been able to treat us. Alep sought to produce a textbook that would be both highly informative about the development of legal ethics in afghanistan, as well as practically useful to afghan legal practitioners. For more than 3,000 years, kabul has occupied a strategic location along central and southern asian trade routes. Apr 12, 2016 an approximate distribution of the ethnic groups is shown in the chart below. Peter tomsens compelling analysis of afghan leaders and tribal politics makes this book invaluable to the policy maker.
Culture and customs of afghanistan cultures and customs of. Pashtun peoples are the largest ethnic group in the south of the country, while tajiks and uzbeks are concentrated along the norther borders, and the hazara in the central highlands. Apr 18, 20 the social and political changes in afghanistan, in the posttaliban scenario, have been able to cast diverse effects on afghan society. The afghan national anthem and the afghan constitution mention a total of 14 ethnic groups. A comprehensive az study of the history of conflict in afghanistan from 1747 to the present. This raised the percentage of hazaras in afghanistan from 8% in 1978 to 14% in 1987. Social classes and discrimination afghanistan today. Feb 19, 2014 in afghanistan, a growing uproar over ethnicity pashtun, tajik, hazara and uzbek has many concerned about possible violence, especially those who remember the countrys civil war. Media in category ethnic groups in afghanistan the following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. She says keeping ethnicity off the etaskera is an important step in that direction. Amirs thoughts touch upon the ethnic pride of the afghanistan people, a pride that baba exhibits and represents throughout the book. Not only are the ethnic groups different due to religion and racial divisions, occupation has cause great disaster. Read the fulltext online edition of the state, religion, and ethnic politics.
One of the chief characteristics of the rogue political parties and radicalized faithbased groups leading this war is a lack of tolerance for other faiths and political beliefs. The soviet invasion of december 1979 has been the major determining factor in afghanistans ethnic relations since that point in time. The books have been prepared by the afghan ministry of education. Afghanistan history, map, flag, capital, population. This presents a major challenge to the afghan ministry of education, and particularly regarding the education of women and girls who are often confined to home. Everyone has ethnicoriented objectives in afghanistan.
The differences have been intensified and are affecting the society as a whole. Conrad schetter, ethnicity and the political reconstruction of afghanistan, center for development studies zef. In 1747, the pashtun, the dominant ethnic group in afghanistan, established their dynasty. Lying along important trade routes connecting southern and eastern asia to europe and the middle east, afghanistan has long been a prize sought by empire builders, and for millennia great armies have attempted to subdue it, leaving traces of their efforts in great monuments now fallen to ruin. Afghan minority language editions books for afghanistan. Class differences and afghan society the daily outlook. There are several other smaller ethnic groups scattered around the country, such as the nuristanis, who live in the remote mountains northeast of kabul along the pakistan border. The hazaras now constitute about 9% of afghanistans population. Ethnic groups of afghanistan they are originally from uzbekistan greens. The population of the country is divided into the following ethnolinguistic groups.
The afghan pushtun heartland roughly covers a large crescentshaped belt following the afghanpakistani border on the east, southward from nuristan, across the south, and northward. Thus we are privileged to see the landscape, the people, and rulers, the events through different eyes. On this map, both the baloch and pashtun ethnolinguistic groups straddle the 2640kilometer 1640mile border between afghanistan and pakistan, known as the durand line. Raisa masud and yelda nuri turkmen hazara make up about 20% of the population of afghanistan of mongolian descent sunni muslim have been massacred for ethnic cleansing. Pashtun make up the largest ethnic group in afghanistan, followed by tajiks, hazara, uzbek, aimaks, baloch, and others. Ethnic groups of afghanistan colonel by secondary school. Afghanistan is a multiethnic and mostlytribal society. Afghanistan is a multilingual country with one of the lowest literacy rates in the world. Pashtun, tajik, hazara, uzbek, aymaq, turkmen, baloch, pashai, nuristani, gujjar, arab, brahui, pamiri, kyrgyzand a few others. In afghanistan, meaning land of afghans, live more than fifty ethnic groups that have continually been engaged in conflicts against each other for at least the past few decades. Afghanistan has also been a complex melting pot of slavic, indian, persian, turkish, arab, central asian, and european personages.
This authoritative, clearly written volume covers all aspects of the conflicts that have taken place in afghanistan from 1747 to the present. Ethnic groups of afghanistan by yoda noori on prezi. A cultural and political history by thomas barfield is a learned, detailed, well written book by an anthropologist, not a historian. Afghanistan is a large country in south asia and is home to many different ethnic groups. Aug 14, 2012 we are providing a mirrored copy of some pashto text books for levels 112. Of the 31 million or so afghan residents, 42% are pashtun, 27% tajik, 9% hazara, 9% uzbek, 4% aimak, 3% turkmen, 2% baloch and 4% fall into an unspecified other group. Nov 05, 2017 as stated in the description, all ethnic groups of afghanistan with the exclusion of a few very minor groups with no photographs or much information available. The arabs introduced islam in the 7th century and the turks briefly made afghanistan the center of islamic power and civilization at the beginning of the 11th century. These introductory chapters are followed by individual chapters on the following ethnic groups or tribes. The races of afghanistan was written towards the end of, and shortly after, the second angloafghan war 187880 and published in london in 1880. The pashtuns ethnic afghans make up the largest ethnic group in afghanistan, comprising between 38% and 42% of the countrys population. Ethnic tajiks represent 27 percent of the population. Home browse books book details, the state, religion, and ethnic politics.
Afghanistan social hierarchy traditionally, the word afghan has been used to describe an ethnic group, also known as the pashtuns, yet the country is multicultural. Roshan says afghanistan needs to move beyond ethnic divisions and quotabased thinking. May 08, 20 roshan says afghanistan needs to move beyond ethnic divisions and quotabased thinking. Afghanistan has been at the heart of warring factions and shifting values for years, but through it all, a sense of independence and esteem for custom in the afghanistan people remain intact. The author, henry walter bellew, was a surgeon and medical officer in the indian army who over the years had undertaken a number of political missions in afghanistan and written several books on indian and afghan subjects.817 1654 1615 898 1573 1113 124 605 894 1057 296 996 954 1322 1398 1569 808 1580 948 502 1548 378 794 495 1294 15 752 1234 1261 1161 657 630 1025 993 490 1469 1034 913 1262 1032 938 785 924